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Metal Detector via KNN for Vehicle RobotMetal Detector via KNN for Vehicle Robot
Zaidi Lokman Awang, Muhammad Naufal Mansor and Nordiana Sharifuddin
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A Classifying and Ranking Selection of Healthcare Tourism Services
Nur Syahirah Mohd Asri and Norshahrizan Nordin
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A Fitted Numerical Method for a Class of Singularly PerturbedConvection Delayed Dominated Diffusion Equation
Rakesh Ranjan, H. S. Prasad and Md. J, Alam
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The Comparison of Standard Bootstrap and Robust Outlier Detections Procedure in Bilinear (1,0,1,1) Model
Mohd Isfahani Ismail, Hazlina Ali and Sharipah Soaad Syed Yahaya
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Structural Equation Modelling (SEM) of Risk Factors for Mathematical Anxiety in Tertiary Students
Zahayu Md Yusof, Nur Hazwani Mohd Zanuddin, Basharoh Abdul Karim, Fazlinawati Zakaria
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Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) Classification and Feature Selection by Machine Learning Techniques
Satish C. R Nandipati, Chew XinYing and Khaw Khai Wah
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60-year Research History of Missing Data: A Bibliometric Review on Scopus Database (1960-2019)
Farah Adibah Adnan, Mohd Hafiz Zakaria and Safwati Ibrahim
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Marangoni Convection Boundary Layer Flow of Ferrofluid with the Effects of Thermal Radiation and Suction
Mimi Arina Hafizah Mohd Khairon and Rohana Abdul Hamid
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Application of Double Natural Transform to One-Dimensional Heat Equations
Ravi Kumar Jain and Alok Bhargava
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Volume 8, No.1, Dec 2019

The Technique of Discontinuity Tracking Equations for Functional Differential Equations in 1-Point Implicit Method
Nurul Huda Abdul Aziz and Zanariah Abdul Majid

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Transformation Semigroups and State Machines
Nacer Ghadbane

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Effect of Suction on the Stagnation Point Flow and Heat Transfer over a Stretching/Shrinking Sheet in a Porous Medium with Stability Analysis
Noormaizatulnazuha Mohamad, Fatinnabila Kamal and Khairy Zaimi

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Dynamic Modelling and Forecasting the Water Price: A Case of Medan, North Sumatera
Tan Kim Hek, Zulkifli Lubis, Mohammad Fadzli Ramli and Siti Rohana Goh

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Internal Heat Generation/Absorption Effects on MHD Radiative Flow Over a Non-Isothermal Stretching/Shrinking Surface Embedded in a Porous Medium
J. Wilfred Samuel Raj and S.P. Anjali Devi

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Common Fixed Point Theorem for Compatible Mappings of Type (A-1) in Intuitionistic Fuzzy Metric Space
Varsha Sharma

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An Economical First Order Runge-Kutta Method for Solving Ordinary Differential Equations
Lim Tian Hwee and Nor’aini Aris

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A Human Face Recognition using Alyuda Neurointelligence
Norpah Mahat and Afifah Sakinah Mohamad Zuki

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Modification of ANOVA with Various Types of Means
Nur Farah Najeeha Najdi and Nor Aishah Ahad

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Call For Papers

specialissue v3 (3)


The deadline for full paper submission for this special issue must not exceed 31st May 2020. The review process for each accepted paper is expected not to be longer than 3 months. Therefore, the notice of acceptance is expected to be in August, 2020.The typesetting and formatting follow to AMCI guidelines are expected to be done within two months. The camera ready to all authors will be released on October 2020. All full papers that are accepted for publication will be officially published on December 2020. The deadline can be summarized as below: 

 Matter Deadline
 Full paper submission 31st May 2020
 Notice of Acceptance 31st August 2020
Camera Ready  31st October 2020
 Publication December 2020


Authors can submit their manuscripts through the email The papers are published upon acceptance, regardless of the Special Issue publication date.

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AMCI indexing includes:

Google Scholar
Elektronische Zeitschriftenbibliothek (Germany)
Malaysian Citation Centre (MyCite)
Academic Journal Database




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Editorial Board


Assoc. Prof. Ts. Dr. Ahmad Kadri Junoh
Institute of Engineering Mathematics
Universiti Malaysia Perlis
Norhanim Hashim
Penerbit UniMAP
Universiti Malaysia Perlis
Ts. Dr. Wan Zuki Azman Wan Muhamad
Institute of Engineering Mathematics
Universiti Malaysia Perlis
Dr. Zainab Yahya
Institute of Engineering Mathematics
Universiti Malaysia Perlis

Dr. Najah Ghazali
Institute of Engineering Mathematics
Universiti Malaysia Perlis


Dr. Nor Ashikin Abu Bakar
Institute of Engineering Mathematics
Universiti Malaysia Perlis
Dr. Wan Suhana Wan Daud
Institute of Engineering Mathematics
Universiti Malaysia Perlis


Ts. Muhamad Hafiz Masran
Institute of Engineering Mathematics
Universiti Malaysia Perlis

Ms. Rasyida Md Saad
Institute of Engineering Mathematics
Universiti Malaysia Perlis


Assoc. Prof. Dr. Phang Chang
Department of Mathematics and Statistics,
Faculty of Applied Science and Technology,

Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia

Dr. Samsul Ariffin Abdul Karim
Fundamental and Applied Sciences Department,
Universiti Teknologi Petronas

Dr. Ekkasit Sangwisut
Department of Mathematics and Statistics,
Faculty of Science,
Thaksin University


Ts. Dr. Ahmad Fadly Nurullah Rasedee
Faculty of Economics and Muamalat,
Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Wan Mohd Khairy Adly Wan Zaimi
Institute of Engineering Mathematics,
Faculty of Applied and Human Sciences,
Universiti Malaysia Perlis

Ts. Dr. Mohamad Fadzli Ramli 
Institute of Engineering Mathematics,
Faculty of Applied and Human Sciences,
Universiti Malaysia Perlis
Dr. Akmal Nizam Mohammed
Fakulti Kejuruteraan Mekanikal dan Pembuatan,
Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Hashibah Hamid
School of Quantitative Sciences,
Universiti Utara Malaysia


Dr. Mohamed Saifullah Hussin
Faculty of Ocean Engineering Technology and Informatics,
Universiti Malaysia Terengganu

Dr. Martino Luis
College of Engineering, Mathematics and Physical Sciences,
University of Exeter

Asst. Prof. Dr. Konvika Kongkul
Department of Mathematics and Statistics,
Faculty of Science, Thaksin University,

Dr. George Albert Toma 
Department of Mathematics,
Faculty of Sciences,
Aleppo University

E-mail: /

Dr. Shaza Alturky
Department of Mathematics,
Faculty of Sciences,
Aleppo University


Prof. Dr. Syed Khalid Nauman
Department of Mathematics,
King Abdul Aziz University


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Aims and Scope

AMCI is an international journal of high quality devoted to the publication of original research papers in the areas of applied mathematics and computational intelligence.
Topics of this journal include but not limited to:

Computational Mathematics
Applied Mathematics
Numerical Methods
Fractional Calculus
Fluid Dynamics
Mathematical Physics
Discrete Mathematics
Fuzzy Systems

Applied Statistics and Probability
Data Mining
Computational Statistics

Big Data Analytic

Computational Intelligence
 Pattern Recognition
Machine Learning
Evolutionary Computation
Parallel Computing
Operational Research


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Contact Us


Universiti Malaysia Perlis
No. 98, Level 1, Block A, Taman Pertiwi Indah,
Jalan Kangar-Alor Setar, Seriab,
01000 Kangar, Perlis

Tel: +(60) 4 979 7801
Fax: +(60) 4 977 5135


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Paper Submission

All papers should be submitted via e-mail to

The electronic manuscript shall be prepared in accordance with the “Manuscript Preparation”.  Submission of an article implies that the work described has not been published previously (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture or academic thesis), it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, its publication is approved by all authors and that, if accepted, will not be published elsewhere in the same form, in English or in any other language, without the written consent of the Publisher.

All submitted manuscripts will undergo peer review. The peer-reviewed original research manuscripts and research review manuscripts of substance will be published online. The Editors reserve the right to edit or otherwise make necessary amendments deemed fit, but authors will receive proofs for approval before publication.

Paper Selection and Publication Process

  1. Upon receipt of paper submission, the Editor will send an e-mail of confirmation to the corresponding within 7 working days. If you fail to receive this confirmation, your submission/e-mail may be missed.
  2. We use a single-blind system for peer-review; reviewers’ identities remain anonymous to authors. The paper will be peer-reviewed by two experts; one is an editorial staff and the other is an external reviewer. The review process may take 3-4 weeks.
  3. Notification of the result of the review will be sent by e-mail.


Page proofs will be sent to the corresponding author for final checking. Corrections to the proofs must be restricted to printer’s errors: any other changes to the text, in equations or grammar, may be charged to the author. Proofs should be returned to the editors within three days of receipt to minimize the risk of the author’s contribution having to be held over to a later issue. The editors do not accept responsibility for the correctness of published contents. It is the author’s responsibility to check the content at proof stage.

Plagiarism Checking

A policy of screening for plagiarism shall be performed using platform. Authors shall attach the Turnitin report with each submission.

Cost of Publication

Publication in this journal is free of charge.


Offprints are not available.

Frequency of Publication

Published in December.

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Malpractice and Publication Ethics

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Terms and Conditions

This website ( is owned and operated by Universiti Malaysia Perlis (UniMAP) by accessing or using the site, you agree to be bound by the terms and conditions below (“Terms and Conditions”). These terms and conditions expressly incorporate by reference and include the Site’s Privacy Policy and any guidelines, rules or disclaimers that may be posted and updated on specific web pages or on notices that sent to you. If you do not agree with these terms and conditions, please do not use this site.

UniMAP reserves the right to change, modify, add or remove portions of these terms and conditions in its sole discretion at any time and without prior notice. Please check this page periodically for any modifications. Your continues use of this site following the posting of any changes will mean that you have accepted the changes.

  • Copyrights and limitations on use
  • Trademarks
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  • Disclaimer of warranties and liability
  • Systems reliability
  • Indemnification
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Copyrights and Limitations on Use

All content in this Site, including site layout, design, images, programs, text and other information (collectively, the “Content”) is the property of UniMAP and its affiliated companies or licensors and is protected by copyright and other intellectual property laws, except that the copyright in the content of the submissions delivered to UniMAP through this Site remain the property of their authors until transferred to UniMAP. For more information, you may not copy, display, distribute, modify, publish, reproduce, store, transmit, create derivative works from, or sell or license all or any part of the Content, products or services obtained from this Site in any medium to anyone, except as otherwise expressly permitted under applicable law or as described in these Terms and Conditions or relevant license or subscriber agreement.

You may print or download content from the site for your own personal, non-commercial use, provided that you keep intact all copyright and other proprietary notices. You may not engage in systematic retrieval of content from the site to create or compile directly or indirectly, a collection, compilation, database or directory without prior written permission from UniMAP.

You agree that you will not use any robots, spiders, crawlers or other automated downloading programs or devices to (i) continuously and automatically search or index any content, unless authorized by us; (ii) harvest personal information from the Site for purpose of sending unsolicited or unauthorized material; or (iii) cause disruption to the working of the Site. If this site contains robot exclusion files or robots exclusions headers, you agree to honor them.

Any questions about whether a particular use is authorized and any requests for permission to publish, reproduce, distribute, display or make derivative works from any content should be directed to UniMAP.

You may not use the services on the site to publish or distribute any information (including software or other content) which is illegal, which violates or infringes upon the rights of any other person, which is abusive, hateful, obscene, profane, pornographic, threatening or vulgar, which contains errors, viruses or other harmful components, or which is otherwise actionable at law. IJBT may at any time exercise editorial control over the content of any information or material that is submitted through its facilities and/so services.

You may not, without the approval of UniMAP, use the site to publish or distribute any advertising, promotional material, or solicitation to other users of the Site to conduct any business, to solicit the performance of any activity that prohibited by law, or to solicit other users to become subscribers of other information services. Similarly, you may not use the Site to download and redistribute public information or shareware for personal gain or use the facilities and/or services to distribute multiple copies of public domain information or shareware.

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Manuscript Preparations


Manuscripts should be prepared in Microsoft Word file format. All manuscripts will follow the same general style as described in this document. The manuscript template can be downloaded from this Word Format.  The editors reserve the right to edit these files to ensure every article follows the same style.

[Download Template]

General Rules

  • The article shall be written in good English (either American or British is accepted, but not a mixture of both).
  • The paper length is preferred to be at least 8 pages.
  • The body text shall have both the left and right margins justified with single line spacing.
  • The font type shall be Cambria and size 11 points unless otherwise stated.
  • Paragraph Spacing before is 0pt and after 1 line or please use text paragraph style.
  • The first paragraph in each section or subsection is not indented.
  • Sections and subsections are formatted to three levels


Microsoft Word template style: Heading 1
Heading 1 (Section heading): Cambria; Size – 11; Bold. Spacing: 30pt before and 1 line after.

1.1  Research Methods

Microsoft Word template style: Heading 2
Heading 2 (Subheading): Cambria; Size – 11; Bold; capitalize each word; Spacing: 1 line after.

1.1.1 Analysis of Results

Microsoft Word template style: Heading 3
Heading 3 (Sub-subheading): Cambria; Size – 1 Bold, Italicized; Capitalize the first word; Spacing: 1 line after


Manuscript Structure
The manuscript should be organized into clearly defined sections namely; introduction, literature review, methods, results, and discussion, conclusion, acknowledgments (if any), references, and appendices (if any). Sections and subsections should be formatted as heading levels 1, 2 and 3 as shown in General Rules. Authors are encouraged to write as concisely as possible, but not at the expense of clarity.


Title of the Paper
Microsoft Word template style: Paper Title
The title should be concise and informative to adequately describe the content of the paper as it is often used in information-retrieval systems. Avoid abbreviations and formula wherever possible. The title is centered on the page and is set in boldface (Cambria, font size 14 pt). The first letter of each word in the title should be capitalized.


Authors’ Names and Affiliations
Microsoft Word template style: Author Name and Author Affiliation
The author’s name is provided below the title and followed by the author’s affiliation. Please state the given name and family name clearly. If the article was written by more than one author, append their name to the first author. If the authors are with different affiliations, assign a sequential superscript number (beginning with “1”) immediately after the author’s name and precedes the author’s affiliation. However, authors with the same affiliation will bear the same number.
Text spacing; 1 line after for Author Name before Author Affiliation(s) and for Author Affiliation(s) 2 line after before corresponding email.


Corresponding Author’s E-mail
Microsoft Word template style: Corresponding Author Email
An email address of the author who is willing to handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing, publication, and post-publication is stated below the affiliations on the first page (Cambria, font size 10pt). Clearly, indicate by placing an asterisk (“*”) before the author’s name and the email address.
Text spacing; 0pt before and 2 line after.


Microsoft Word template style: Abstract Text
The abstract should state the principal objectives and scope of the research, describe the methodology employed, summarize results, conclusions. The abstract should contain max. 150-200 words. (Cambria 10pt, Italic, block-aligned).


Microsoft Word template style: Keywords
3-5 keywords, in alphabetical order, separated by commas (Cambria 10pt, Block-aligned). Begin the keywords with the word “Keywords” followed by a colon in bold font, and then continue with a normal. 


Figures and Tables
Figures are numbered consecutively and the caption is placed centered below the figure. Similarly, tables are numbered consecutively in the order of their appearance in the text. However, place the caption above the table body. Figures should be numbered as follows: Figure1:, Figure 2:, … etc. Tables should be numbered as follows: Table 1:, Table 2:,… etc. 


Microsoft Word template style: Equation
Equations and formulas are denoted by numbers in round parentheses and it is recommended to be produced by Microsoft Equation Editor or MathType add-on for equations in your paper ( Do not copy and paste equations from other sources. Try to re-type the equations if possible. Equations should be left-indented. Mathematical equations must be numbered as follows: (1), (2), …and the equations have to be numbered sequentially, and the number put in parentheses at the right-hand edge of the text. 


A conclusion section is required and should clearly discuss the advantages, limitations, possible applications and recommendations for future research.


Please acknowledge any organizations that have sponsored or supported this research. Individuals other than the authors who have given direct assistance could be acknowledged.


Responsibility for the accuracy of bibliographic citations lies entirely with the authors. Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list (and vice versa). Citations in the text and reference list should follow the referencing IEEE style. The number of references must be at least 15.


Citing and Listing of Web References
Use the IEEE Reference Guide style for references. As a minimum, the full URL should be given and any further information, if known (author names, dates, reference to a source publication, etc), should also be given. Web references can be listed separately (e.g., after the reference list) under a different heading if desired or can be included in the reference list.


Journal Publication

[1]       M. M. Chiampi and L. L. Zilberti, “Induction of electric field in human bodies moving near MRI: An efficient BEM computational procedure,” IEEE Trans.  Biomed. Eng., vol. 58, no. 10, pp. 2787–2793, Oct. 2011, doi: 10.1109/TBME.2011.2158315.

[2]       M. Dursun and E. E. Karsak, “A fuzzy MCDM approach for personnel selection,” Expert Systems with Applications, vol. 37, no. 6, pp. 4324–4330, 2010.


[3]       A. Taflove, Computational Electrodynamics: The Finite-Difference Time-Domain Method in Computational Electrodynamics II, vol. 3, 2nd ed. Norwood, MA, USA: Artech House, 1996.

[4]       L. Stein, “Random patterns,” in Computers and You, J. S. Brake, Ed. New York, NY, USA: Wiley, 1994, pp. 55–70.


[5]       R. E. Haskell and C. T. Case, “Transient signal propagation in lossless isotropic plasmas,” USAF Cambridge Res. Labs., Cambridge, MA, USA, Rep. ARCRL-66-234 (II), 1994, vol. 2.

[6]       R. J. Hijmans and J. van Etten, “Raster: Geographic analysis and modeling with raster data,” R Package Version 2.0-12, Jan. 12, 2012. [Online]. Available:

Proceeding Papers

[7]       G. Koutra, S. Barbounaki, D. Kardaras, and G. Stalidis, “A multicriteria model for personnel selection in maritime industry in Greece,” in Proceedings – 2017 IEEE 19th Conference on Business Informatics, 2017, vol. 1, pp. 287–294.

[8]        V. Chandrasekaran, S. Sanghavi, P. A. Parrilo, and A. S. Willsky. (2009). Sparse and low-rank matrix decompositions. Presented at IFAC 2009. [Online]. Available: article/pii/S1474667016388632


If any, the appendix should appear directly after the references without numbering, and on a new page


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Aims and Scope

AMCI is an international journal of high quality devoted to the publication of original research papers in the areas of applied mathematics and computational intelligence. Topics of this journal include Numerical Methods, Fractional Calculus, Fluid Dynamics, Statistics and Probability, Mathematical Physics, Mathematical and Computational Biology, Operational Research, Discrete Mathematics, Parallel Computing, Neural Networks, Fuzzy Systems, Evolutionary Computation, Particle Swarm Optimisation (PSO), Ant Colony Optimisation (ACO), Cellular Automata (CA), Computational Intelligence in Image Processing and Signal Processing & Mathematical Problem in Engineering.